Crypto's peer-to-peer exchanges, known for facilitating direct trading between buyers and sellers without intermediaries, are facing challenges in an increasingly competitive market. These decentralized platforms, which rely on algorithmic smart contracts and empower users with token custody, were expected to thrive after the collapse of the centralized FTX exchange, which eroded trust in intermediated platforms. However, their growth has not matched expectations, and they have seen a decline in market share. According to Kaiko data, monthly spot trading volumes on decentralized exchanges dropped by a significant 76% to $21 billion in June compared to January 2022. In contrast, their centralized counterparts experienced a 69% decline to $429 billion during the same period. The market share of peer-to-peer digital-asset platforms has dwindled from its peak of 7% in March 2023 to a mere 5%. The appeal of decentralized exchanges lies in their alignment with the preferences of crypto enthusiasts who reject the intermediary model of traditional finance. However, they are grappling with issues such as complex user interfaces, slower transaction speeds, and lower liquidity compared to major centralized venues like Binance and Coinbase. Institutional investors, in particular, face difficulties trading on peer-to-peer exchanges due to regulatory concerns. While efforts to improve these platforms are underway, they are relatively young, and the complex regulatory landscape presents hurdles. Nonetheless, initiatives like Uniswap's new protocol and Vertex's decentralized exchange with comparable speeds to centralized platforms are steps in the right direction. Despite struggling trading volumes, decentralized exchanges have seen a steady increase in monthly active users since 2020, consistently exceeding one million this year, as investors seek alternatives amidst concerns over the stability of centralized platforms. However, growing the user base could prove challenging as traditional financial firms are increasingly entering the crypto market. The entry of major players from traditional finance, such as EDX Markets backed by Citadel Securities, Fidelity Digital Assets, and Charles Schwab Corp., is expected to bring more liquidity to the digital-asset ecosystem. While centralized-exchange volumes may initially benefit from this influx, there is a possibility of increased demand for crypto in general, eventually benefiting decentralized exchanges as well. In conclusion, peer-to-peer crypto exchanges face an uphill battle to maintain their market share and attract institutional investors. Improving user experience, addressing regulatory challenges, and enhancing liquidity are critical for the success of these decentralized platforms. As the crypto market evolves, striking a balance between decentralization and regulatory compliance will be crucial to ensure the sustainable growth of the digital asset ecosystem.