The crypto market has been dominated by Bitcoin and Ethereum, which make up over 60% of its market capitalization. While their dominance is a testament to their credibility, it also leads to concentration risk since any significant movement in BTC and ETH prices can have a ripple effect across the entire market. This lack of diversification and reliance on centralized exchanges with less transparent actors has made it challenging for sustainable tokens to enter the market.
Recent events have highlighted the dangers of high concentration, particularly in 2022 with the FTX collapse. A better infrastructure is needed to provide transparency and sustainability within the market. New and innovative forms of market making have been introduced, enabling smaller tokens to enter more markets and increase diversity, reducing the concentration risk and increasing liquidity.
Diversification provides a counterbalance to BTC and ETH's dominance, attracting more investment and ultimately leading to a more robust and diverse cryptocurrency market. Investors should strive to invest in a diversified portfolio of tokens to spread risk across different asset classes.